Estimation of Total Fertility Rate (TFR) Using Small Area Estimation (SAE) in Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) Province


  • Mellinda STIS Polytechnic of Statistics
  • Cucu Sumarni STIS Polytechnic of Statistics



TFR, SAE, direct estimation, indirect estimation


The large population in Indonesia has an impact on providing basic services for population which is not optimal so the condition and distribution of the population in a country must be addressed through fertility control methods. Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is one of fertility measures used in Indonesia. The estimation of TFR at the district level is very important, especially for the Nusa Tenggara Timur (NTT) Province as the province with the highest TFR in Indonesia. The availability of TFR data up to the district level is difficult to obtain every year due to data limitations. This study uses the National Socio-Economic Survey to address these problems. TFR estimation through survey data (direct estimation) generally results in a large Relative Standard Error (RSE) value, so it is necessary to estimate using an indirect estimate in the form of Small Area Estimation (SAE). By using SAERestricted Maximum Likelihood (REML) procedure, TFR with an RSE that is lower than the direct estimate is obtained. There are 5 district that have a medium-high TFR, namely: Sumba Barat Daya, Sumba Tengah, Sabu Raijua, Sumba Barat, and Manggarai Barat. The government is recommended to focus more on that 5 districts to suppress the high TFR in NTT.