Optimization of Waste Transportation Routes using Multi-objective Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (MNSGA-II) in the Eastern and Southern Regions of Bandung City, Indonesia
Ensuring high-quality and effective urban waste management has been an important priority to achieve sustainable and environmental-friendly cities and communities mandated by Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The massively growing population in urban regions of developing countries, such as Bandung City, Indonesia, leads to the increasing volume of daily goods consumption and households waste production. The waste transportation route is one of the main determining factors for the cost of waste management. In this paper, we introduce the Multi-objective Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (MNSGA-II) to solve the waste transportation route optimization problem in the Eastern and Southern Regions of Bandung City, Indonesia. Compared to the existing traditional evolutionary algorithms, MNSGA-II offers three major important benefits: efficient computational complexity, no requirement of sharing parameters, and a non-elitism mechanism. Algorithm parameters include the number of generations, mutation rate, and crossover rate. Our extensive experiments suggest the best solution resulted in 14 routes with a total distance of 152,63 km. Further, our proposed route optimization is potentially beneficial to support the improvement of the sustainable waste management service system at Bandung City.