Nowcasting of Chili Pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.) Prices in East Java Province Using Multi-Layer Perceptron Method
Keywords:Nowcasting, MLP, Parameters, Input Variables
The aims of study is to predict the price of chili pepper at the provincial level in East Java by looking for the best input variable from three types of input variables, price of chili pepper at the regency and city levels, natural factors, and word search index on Google Trends as an approach to the causes of chili pepper price fluctuations. The Multi-Layer Perceptron method, accompanied by a search for the best combination of model parameters is selected to get the model with the best nowcasting ability. The result shows that the best model for nowcasting is characterized by: the input variable is price of chili pepper at the regency and city levels with three hidden layers and 32, 45, and 51 neurons in each hidden layer, maximum iteration is 200 iterations, maximum iteration when the model not increase in performance for applying early stopping is 20 iterations, non-linear activation used is RELU (Rectified Linear Unit), and optimization function used is ADAM optimizer. The accuracy of nowcasting in this study is highly accurated with MAPE smaller than 10%.