High-resolution-gridded rainfall dataset derived from surface observation by adjustment of satellite rainfall product
Keywords:GSMaP, gridded rainfall dataset, extreme weather
A high-resolution-gridded rainfall dataset is essential for many purposes. Such as analysis of extreme weather conditions, natural-disaster mitigation, or to be used as an input to the hydrological model. Satellite-based rainfall products (e.g., Global Satellite Mapping of Precipitation-GSMaP) can solve the spatial and temporal issues despite their rainfall intensity often being under or overestimated. This research aims to provide a high-resolution rainfall dataset by adjusting the 0.1 deg GSMaP rainfall data to the surface rainfall data from several observation points in the greater Jakarta area (Jabodetabek) during January 2020 when several flooding occurred in Jakarta. The adjustment process includes calculating the bias between the satellite estimation in the nearest observation point and interpolating the error back to the 0.01 deg grid by using radial basis function (RBF) to obtain the correction factor in every grid point, GSMaP data then adjusted by the correction factor. We implemented the method in January 2020 when several floods occurred in Jakarta. The result reveals a more realistic rainfall spatial distribution than regularly interpolating the observation data. The validation of adjusted rainfall estimation at the verification points also shows a reduction in domain-wide RMSE by 30 – 80%.