Identification of factors affecting the cases of under-age female marriage using geographically weighted panel regression approach in south kalimantan province.
Keywords:Geoghraphically Weighted Panel Regression, Underage Female Marriages, South Kalimantan Province
The topic of this study was chosen because the percentage of underage female marriages in South Kalimantan Province was the highest in Indonesia over the last five years, from 2018 to 2022. This signifies that there are social issues in the local community that the government must address. One possible answer is to identify the factors that contribute to the creation of these conditions in each region. Using the Geographically Weighted Panel Regression (GWPR) method, this study attempts to determine the factors that influence the rise of underage female marriage instances in South Kalimantan Province. The number of poor individuals, population density, average duration of schooling, adjusted per capita expenditure, and total population were chosen as independent variables. Data acquired from South Kalimantan Province's Central Bureau of Statistics' periodic releases. Because there was high spatial heterogeneity between each location in this study, it was quite practical to employ the GWPR approach in developing a conjectural model. The results of evaluating the GWPR model with adaptive Gaussian kernel weights provide significant results and the model can explain the variance of data by 55 percent. Testing the parameters of the GWPR model reveals two (two) regional groupings with distinct influencing variables. The first group consists of ten (ten) regions that are considerably impacted by both the number of impoverished people and the average length of schooling, whereas the second group consists of three (three) regions that are impacted solely by the average length of schooling.